IN 1818, more than 200 years before the world enthusiastically and anxiously welcomed the age of ‘artificial intelligence’, a novel was published: Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus by Mary Shelley.
Its main character is a artificial human—which seems to be the beginning of AI. He has no name. He is merely called ‘the creature’. When Shelley’s novel was turned into a play, the actor playing the ‘creature’ was listed only as ‘——-’.
The other main character is Dr Victor Frankenstein, the scientist and researcher who created the unnamed ‘creature’. He believes in the wond...