Criticism against 11 Ministers’ Rule
THE government issued a joint decree by 11 ministers on addressing the issue of radicalism among state civil apparatus (ASN).
Under the decree, there are 11 criteria of violations by state civil apparatus that can be reported through the aduanasn.id portal.
The decree had received opposition from a number of institutions. National Human Rights Commission member, Choirul Anam, is concerned that the regulation will be used against civilians who are critical of the government. “The joint decree is prone to abuse,” Anam said in Jakarta, November 25. He also questioned one article that equates Pancasila with the constitution and the government.
Lokataru Foundation founder Haris Azhar said the rules are a form of justification to the notion that an employee who criticize the government has radical ideologies. He worries that criticism against the government could be seen as a radical act. In terms of mechanism, the decree also negates the role of government watchdogs like the Ombudsman, ministry’s inspectorates, and the State Civil Apparatus Commission. Moreover, Haris said, the rule has no room for the accused to clarify.
Gerindra Party Deputy Chairman Fadli Zon said that the rule reflects the government’s fear of Muslims. He said that criteria for saying that a government employee has been radicalized is unclear.
Cabinet Secretary Pramono Anung denied the assumption, saying that the government did not issue the rule because they are afraid of criticism. The regulation was issued, Pramono said, because hate speech has become a daily consumption in public spaces. “We have to be able to distinguish criticism from expressions of hatred,” the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P) politician said.
THE followings are the violations that can be leveled against state civilian apparatus.
1. Expressing opinions on social media that contain hate speech against Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, the ‘Unity in Diversity’ ideology, the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, and the government.
2. Expressing opinions on social media with posts containing hatred against a particular tribe, religion, race, and group.
3. Spreading hate as explained in points 1 and 2 through social media by means of sharing, broadcasting, uploading, retweeting, and reposting.
4. Creating misleading news.
5.Spreading misleading news either directly or through social media.
6.Holding activities that lead to act of insults, instigation, provocation, and hatred against Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, the ‘Unity in Diversity’ ideology, Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, and the government.
7. Attending or engaging in activities lead to act of insults, instigation, provocation, and hatred against Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, the ‘Unity in Diversity’ ideology, Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, and the government.
8. Responding to or supporting opinions related to points 1 and 2 by giving social points (likes, dislikes, loves, retweets) in social media.
9. Using attributes that are against Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, the ‘Unity in Diversity’ ideology, Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, and the government.
10. Harass (insult) on state symbols, both directly or through social media.
11. Behaviors in points 1-10 that are carried out consciously by civilian authorities.
No More National Exams
The education and culture ministry is working on a plan to abolish the national exam. “We are reviewing the plan. Please wait for the news,” Education Minister Nadiem Makarim said on November 28.
Arifin Junaidi, secretary of the National Education Standards Agency, said that there are currently two options being contemplated; whether to keep the national exams, or to abolish it. There is a possibility that 8th and 10th graders would still have to take national exams. “So far we haven’t reached a final decision yet,” Nadiem said.
Indra Charismiadji, an expert on education from the Center for Education Regulation and Development Analysis, supports the plan to eliminate national exams. “So far, the national exam has failed to serve as a benchmark to measure the quality of students,” he said.