• Block


    In Bergman’s film, The Seventh Seal, Block does not seem worried that it will all be pointless. He is returning from war, he has travelled through plague territory. He has seen how easily lives are lost. The thin knight with the tense expression is anxious not because of Death, but because God is silent. He has found no basis to his faith. Faith is a torment.

  • Muhammad


    Maxime Rodinson is an atheist. But he is not one to shut himself off with arrogance as do the ‘new atheists’. He sees that “…Muhammad did really experience sensory phenomena translated into words and phrases and that he interpreted them as messages from the Supreme Being.”

  • Dalang


    The dalang creates an aesthetic construct with layers of components. Voice, sound, diction, intonation and rhythm interconnect when he describes a scene, creates dialogue (with different personalities), introduces humor, makes Bhima move, and moves two wayang in combat.

  • The Past

    The Past

    Like power, noble values are usually associated with heroes – which is one reason people build monuments. These values—nobility of spirit, courage and so on—have no fixed place. The fixed is not in anyone’s heart.

  • Antigone


    The gods make unnecessary laws because they do not know mortality. A king on earth makes laws, even if they are not good because he is human—he must protect life that is contingent. 

  • Titles


    Titles, which are considered to be symbols of recognition, are actually not completely dialogic in nature. Titles are determined after authorities exist to assess a person’s achievement. There have to be judges whose word is not doubted: universities, palaces, or customary leaders. 

  • Cem


    Until at least the early 17th century in the Turkish Ottoman empire, the successor was not determined by birth rank. The principle of succession was brutal: the strongest won. It was brutal competition.

  • Blackboards


    As we know, blackboards are where teachers write lessons and students pay attention. This simple technology facilitates the giving and receiving of knowledge. The blackboard cannot be separated from the teacher. It is their first and last sign, like the flag in a scene of defeat. 

  • Violence


    Justice, the formulation of which is always unfinished, constantly produces thrilling stories, grand ideals, strong desires, and violence.

  • Napoleon


    Historians note how Napoleon managed to change France, Europe and other parts of the world. After the French Revolution ended the feudal order, he, a revolutionary army officer, emerged as ‘Consul’ from the political ruins.

  • Stories


    Yes, death and cruelty do not disappear because of One Thousand and One Nights, but life can be better because of stories and their tellers.

  • Sir Joon

    Sir Joon

    The ‘Malay world’ in this novel is not a closed, impenetrable world. In this novel at least, that kind of world does not become ‘local color’. Usually in literary criticism, what is called ‘local color’ is something identifiable—because it is whole, homogenous and distinctive: descriptions of landscape, customs and local dialects used in the story.

  • “Call Me…”

    “Call Me…”

    Kartini’s language, the language of a 20-year-old, is like a storm, although not immediately evident. It is not linear, or flat. Hyperbole arises in many sections, particularly when she mentions something (or someone) that she likes. Exclamation marks abound.

  • The Sea

    The Sea

    The coast is the world to be viewed, with curiosity and wonder, from a distance—from the outside.

  • Taman Mini

    Taman Mini

    Taman Mini reflects the view that life is only the status quo—as though in every phenomena, every difference, there is only the everlasting.

  • Images


    Flesh, eyes, skin—the physical and the psychic—have shaped the language of racist violence. In Indonesia, too.

  • The Flesh

    The Flesh

    Now Covid-19 can remind us that intimacy with the flesh is the same as simple gratitude when one is healthy, and taking an easy attitude towards pain and death.

  • Algiers


    The past does not stop. Over and again, we fail to recapture it in memory. Of course, we have history books and think that this is where the past is recorded as memory. But memory is the product of the present, and the present is not a station where memories pause, unchanging. This is why we often try to recall the past in other ways.

  • Itihasa


    Revenge, retaliation, and dark characters make us feel something more than just addiction to stories of violence; we feel that we are discovering stories about ‘justice’, and turn them into moral discourse.

  • News, Stories, News

    News, Stories, News

    Tempo was born and changed the magazine scene. Previously, weeklies were like convenience stores.

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