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Andi Syamsuddin Arsyad, owner of Jhonlin Group
In the name of national sugar self-sufficiency and to cover the 1.1 million ton shortage in annual demand, the government called on companies to invest in the development of sugar cane plantations and processing plants. Of 10 locations in Java, Sumatra, and Nusa Tenggara, one of the largest of these producers is found in Bombana, Southeast Sulawesi. The concession there is held by Andi Syamsuddin Arsyad, a man in the coal business. He is a cousin of Agriculture Minister Amran Sulaiman and a former deputy treasurer of the Joko Widodo-Ma’ruf Amin election campaign team. Amran was directly involved in taking care of authorization down to the regency level, an action which broke zoning regulations and went against the ministry’s own program.
Even though a five-year prison sentence awaits anyone who hunts and trades the Sunda pangolin (Manis javanica), many still risk breaking the law.
The Sunda pangolin (Manis javanica) is popular in China. Its meat and scales are used in traditional and psychotropic medicines. In 2007, the Chinese government legalized the use of its scales for medicinal purposes at clinics, based on hospital approval. Since then, 26.6 tons of pangolin scales have legally entered China from a number of countries. A report from Traffic.org, a non-profit organization focused on wildlife trade, mentioned that the total amount of illegal scales—originating from countries where the animal is protected—reached 34.9 tons from 2007-2016, with the most coming from Indonesia.
The hunting of the Sunda pangolin and its smuggling abroad is on the rise. The police consider it to be transnational crime. Belief in this animal’s healing power—from increasing libido and to being used in the preparation of psychotropic medication—and the legalization of its use in some countries has increased demand. The price of this rare nocturnal creature remains high because it is illegal to hunt. As a kilogram of Sunda pangolin (Manis javanica) sells for US$4,200, the value of its smuggling reaches Rp3.6 trillion annually. The illegal trade of this animal ranks second only to wild birds. Those involved in this trade continue to operate freely.
AN exhibition of works by the late I Gusti Nyoman Lempad is currently on at the Salihara Gallery, South Jakarta. Lempad’s pictures are wide-ranging, with inspiration from mythology, folklore, ancient Balinese script, and the daily life of humble Balinese folk. Lempad’s interpretation of life was singularly unique.
Indri Badria Adilina finds raw materials for industrial products processed from local natural resources. Her discovery may be an answer to reducing reliance on imported catalysts.
Young, female, and discoverers. These six women show just how bright is the future for women researchers in science, technology, and innovation which tends to be dominated by men. They have made important breakthroughs in areas ranging from medicine to food technology.
Twenty-four years after the civil war, Bosnia and Herzegovina are striving to move forward. Although tourism is developing at a rapid pace, the specter of unemployment still looms over the country. In Sarajevo, former key locations in the civil war have been turned into memorials and sites for tourism.
The number of copyright deals made on Indonesia books has been steadily increasing over the past seven years. The Creative Economy Agency has increased copyright sales through the 2019 London Book Fair. The role of literary agents and subsidized translations are still important for entering foreign markets, as Indonesia is still not well-known.