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The opening of sugarcane plantations in East Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara, by Muria Sumba Manis (MSM), a company affiliated with the Djarum and Wings groups, sparked conflicts with some Marapu followers.
The sugarcane plantation owned by Djarum and Wings Indonesia is being accused of damaging and shutting off access to a location where followers of the Marapu conduct rituals in East Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara. Despite repeated reminders from a number of institutions, the regional government and company were unmoved. Local residents accuse the company of misrepresenting a traditional offering of money as compensation for land use. This coverage was done through collaboration of Tempo and Tempo Institute.
Various large and small industries have been polluting Bengawan Solo River with liquid waste that goes beyond quality standard limits.
Lab results show that waste level for a number of factories around the Bengawan Solo River have exceeded quality standards.
It is estimated that about a million songbirds from Sumatra, including some protected species, have been smuggled off the island over the past year. The lucrative nature of this business threatens the populations of a number of bird species as well as the balance of the ecosystem. It is suspected that this smuggling involves authorities from a number of institutions. Tempo made this report in cooperation with Internews’ Earth Journalism Network.