On the KIP Kuliah Program
AFTER handling various formalities to follow the KIP Kuliah (Higher Education Indonesia Smart Card) program, finally my child, Thrisa N.L., got information from her campus. At the end of August, she got a notification signed by the head of this private educational institution telling that she become one of the 20 new D-4 (diploma-4) hotelier students in the institute designated as a KIP Kuliah recipient.
Things turned out to be rather complicated as Thrisa, a vocational high school graduate, was previously registered as a D-1 hotelier student of the Sustainable Vocation Education (PVB) program in the same institute. We were asked to choose: becoming a KIP Kuliah recipient or remaining in the PVB program parallel to another program for study and employment in Germany. At present Thrisa is following an intensive language course to obtain a certificate at Goethe-Institut.
After being officially proposed by the educational institute to get KIP Kuliah but was finally forced to choose is indeed upsetting. This occurrence at least proves that the KIP Kuliah is a half-baked program. The campus argued that D-1 and D-4 PVB programs were different. Meanwhile, campus management indicated that the education and culture ministry imposed tighter requirements to facilitate checking and control of participants in connection with verification of KIP Kuliah allocation.
It is unclear who plays a greater role so that there is such choice. In our view, the policy that forces us to choose gives an impression of reducing the substance, even contradicting the government’s other intention. It is especially related to how to encourage the (KIP Kuliah recipient) student to study and work abroad in some part of the study period.
The KIP Kuliah program is half-baked because it cannot support and accommodate distance education (PJJ) students through the ongoing PVB program of the level of D-1. In fact, according to information gathered so far, the PVB program can also reach D-4, but it indeed has to be extended one year after the other. It is also with the note that PVB subjects are the operational version that are shorter than those of the regular D-4 program.
Actually, it is clear that the overseas program with the employment opportunity as well as study even more develops students’ capacity. It is also clear that none has to lose: the government can channel educational subsidies, the campus continues to receive payments and students are aided. But there is also its minus point, such as how to monitor students’ study and students cannot actively join campus activity and cannot be physically present when needed by the education ministry to verify the accuracy of KIP Kuliah allocation.
Once again, what is regretted is the technical reason that the KIP Kuliah program is not enabled due to presence of two active student numbers held by one person. For simplicity, this can just be acknowledged and administratively accommodated. For cross checking, with the campus as well as the student, in this Internet era it should be very easy without any space-time constraint: the education ministry needs only to open the video conference application and can directly match what is to be verified.
What has been described hopefully can become an input to better accommodate KIP Kuliah recipients by relaxing the requirements so that participants of the PVB program (whose D4 is achieved in stages) can still obtain government subsidies. Especially for disadvantaged residents after graduating from vocational high school they can have the opportunity to join the overseas study and employment program for a period of over one year while doing their work at their own effort (and expense).
Moreover, the campus itself also has implemented its PJJ program whose subjects, sadly, are different in weight from those of the regular D-4 program. Still, the Kampus Merdeka (freedom campus) policy of Education Minister Nadiem Makarim also almost formally states that students should have the experience of practical work abroad. Even it is reputedly indicated that students should have at least one year’s study and/or apprenticeship experience overseas.
This input is written solely with the hope that there will be improvement in KIP Kuliah allocation, which is not just to support (and produce) students who tend to be local champions, but also those with overseas working and study experience as well as certification. There may still be many more students in need of the KIP Kuliah but they remain helpless in the face of campus rules and education ministry requirements.
Pasar Minggu, Jakarta
The Power of People’s Economy
THE power of people’s economy is based on the strength of the populist philosophy that can be divided into five points. First, populist power is translated in the context and constellation of people’s power as a form that enables people to establish their economic power in an independent way. Second, the populist philosophy in people’s economy is demonstrated by substantive independence.
Third, substantive independence is supported by the populist system in the state economy and various elements of the state that lead to the welfare and prosperity of the nation as well as the glory of the state as its logical consequence. Fourth, the philosophy built and developed in people’s economy can be manifested in several aspects including politics, culture, religion and society, with taking account the sustainable environmental conservation and different other possibilities closely related directly and indirectly to the existence of people’s economy as a whole down to the most basic aspects including artificial ones. Fifth, the strength of the philosophy already formed will continue to be renewed in order to keep growing and developing in supporting people’s activity that increasingly improves in quality.
It means that the philosophy formed is not dogmatic, but rather is always responsive to diverse kinds of growth that later affect people’s economy. Nevertheless, it will later be noticeable how far the philosophy of people’s economy can serve as a filter and solid foundation for the development of common welfare shared by the whole nation of Indonesia.
If the five points can later be applied, they can make people’s economy examined automatically. It is because these five have encompassed the various things related to the condition of people’s economy itself. In this way, it is how the five facets can now be turned into operational forms in the field. It means that they can really be relied upon in developing people’s economy with its improving quality.
The principle is that when people are economically powerful, all problems involving the economy will partly be overcome. However, the part solved does not refer to half of the problems. It becomes a signal that there is already optimal effort to empower people’s economy so that it befits the endeavor to promote their capabilities, as approached by Amartya Sen. Capabilities in this context will get paid if the philosophy has been rightly applied and tightly implemented.
If the concept in the operational context is carried on to the most practical level in the right place, it can be contended that the capabilities fostered among people as a whole are certainly suited to the condition and situation of each relevant location and this needs more sacrifice by the government in the distribution of welfare. It means that when this is applied in the real arena of the most practical life, competent human resources are needed to set people’s economy in motion from the level of conglomeration to the level of most distressing unemployment. That is why the government’s role in this case becomes crucial as the greatest distributor of welfare.
The power of people’s economy finally serves as a subject matter that is always relevant and endless for further development because it involves the existence of the nation and state.
Ngurah Weda Sahadewa
Lecturer, Faculty of Philosophy, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta
There was a mistake in quoting the resource person in the Environment article of the September 8-14, 2020 edition entitled Bamboo-Powered Plants gone Offline. It was written “…said Rifai, August 8.”. It should have been, “…said Yudas, August 8.” We apologize for the mistake—Ed.